Named after St. Paul of Thebes, The Order of Saint Paul the First Hermit was founded by Blessed Eusebius, an Augustinian canon in Esztergom, Hungary in 13th century. The Order spread into Austria, Bohemia, Croatia and Poland. Today the Paulines have monasteries and shrines in Belarus, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Slovakia, South Africa, Ukraine, The United States of America and The United Kingdom. The Majority of the monasteries are in Poland.
The National Shrine of Our Lady of Czestochowa in Doylestown, Pennsylvania was founded by the Polish Paulines in the 1950s.